This topic is excerpted from a papers published in the Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine on treatment of Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema and simplified use of CPAP in rural facilities. Because it takes a position which deviates slightly from some guidelines, the evidence for taking such a position is sometimes referenced, however the complete citations are contained in the sources hyperlink. Emphasis is placed on early use of non-invasive respiratory support and use of vasodilators. Reasons for avoiding morphine and judicious use of loop diuretics and vasodilators are referenced.
The first hyperlink points to a rapid reference for emergency use. The remainder of the links discuss the topic in more detail.